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Integrated Disclosure System
for Small Business Issuers

Regulation S-B





Item 310 -- Financial Statements


Notes:
  1. Financial statements of a small business issuer, its predecessors or any businesses to which the small business issuer is a successor shall be prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States.

  2. Regulation S-X Form and Content of and Requirements for Financial Statements shall not apply to the preparation of such financial statements, except that the report and qualifications of the independent accountant shall comply with the requirements of Article 2 of Regulation S-X, Rule 3-19 and 3-20 shall apply to financial statements of foreign private issuers, the description of accounting policies shall comply with Rule 4-08(n) of Regulation S-X, and small business issuers engaged in oil and gas producing activities shall follow the financial accounting and reporting standards specified in Rule 4-10 of Regulation S-X with respect to such activities. To the extent that Rule 11-01 (Pro Forma Presentation Requirements) offers enhanced guidelines for the preparation, presentation and disclosure of pro forma financial information, small business issuers may wish to consider these items. Financial statements of foreign private issuers shall be prepared and presented in accordance with the requirements of Item 18 of Form 20-F except that Item 17 may be followed for financial statements included in filings other than registration statements for offerings of securities unless the only securities being offered are: (a) upon the exercise of outstanding rights granted by the issuer of the securities to be offered, if such rights are granted by the issuer of the securities to be offered, if such rights are granted on a pro rata basis to all existing securities holders of the class of securities to which the rights attach and there is no standby underwriting in the United States or similar arrangement; or (b) pursuant to a dividend or interest reinvestment plan; or (c) upon the conversion of outstanding convertible securities or upon the exercise of outstanding transferrable warrants issued by the issuer of the securities being offered, or by an affiliate of such issuer.

  3. Financial statements for a subsidiary of a small business issuer that issues securities guaranteed by the small business issuer or guarantees securities issued by the small business issuer must be presented as required by Rule 3-10 of Regulation S-X, except that the periods presented are those required by paragraph (a) of this item.

  4. Financial statements for a small business issuer's affiliates whose securities constitute a substantial portion of the collateral for any class of securities registered or being registered must be presented as required by Rule 3-16 of Regulation S-X, except that the periods presented are those required by paragraph (a) of this item.

  5. The Commission, where consistent with the protection of investors, may permit the omission of one or more of the financial statements or the substitution of appropriate statements of comparable character. The Commission by informal written notice may require the filing of other financial statements where necessary or appropriate.

  6. Rule 4-01(a)(3) of Regulation S-X shall apply to the preparation of financial statements of small business issuers.

Temporary Note 1T: Notwithstanding any other Commission rule or regulation, every registrant meeting the eligibility requirements in paragraph (a) of this note that files a registration statement on Forms SB-1, SB-2, S-3, S-4 or S-8, or an amendment thereto, that requires audited financial statements for the most recent fiscal year end may file unaudited financial statements in satisfaction of that requirement under the conditions listed in paragraph (b) of this note.

  1. Eligibility requirements. An issuer:

    1. That at the time of filing a registration statement is subject to the periodic reporting requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act;

    2. Whose registration statement will include financial statements:

      1. Of an entity that has a fiscal year ending between and including:

        1. November 30, 2001 and April 15, 2002, if the entity meets all of the conditions in Item 310(g) of Regulation S-B; or

        2. December 29, 2001 and April 15, 2002, if the entity does not meet all of the conditions in Item 310(g) of Regulation S-B;

      2. As to the examination of which Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP) had been engaged as the independent public accountant on or after March 14, 2002;

    3. That, on or before March 14, 2002, had not obtained a manually signed audit report from Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP) in respect of those financial statements;

    4. That is unable to obtain from Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP) or elects not to have Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP) issue a manually signed audit report in respect of those financial statements; and

    5. That is not a "blank check company" as defined in Rule 419(a)(2).

  2. Conditions.

    1. The issuer's registration statement responds to all items required by the appropriate registration form, but with unaudited financial statements that meet the timeliness requirements of Item 310(g) of Regulation S-B for those financial statements as to the examination of which Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP) had been engaged as the independent public accountant.

    2. The issuer provides in the registration statement disclosure reflecting the guidance in Temporary Note 2T to Article 3 of Regulation S-X.

    3. If the registration statement is not yet effective and it will become effective on or after the date specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this section, the issuer must file a pre-effective amendment or an amendment to a document incorporated by reference, as appropriate, before effectiveness. If the registration statement is effective, the issuer must file either a post-effective amendment or an amendment to a document incorporated by reference, as appropriate, not later than the date specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this note; provided that this filing or amendment need not be made if the offering or offerings have been completed (and any prospectus delivery period under Section 4(3) of the Securities Act of 1933 and the rules thereunder has expired) prior to the date specified in paragraph (b)(4) of this note. The filing or amendment shall present:

      1. The financial statements audited by an independent public accountant other than Arthur Andersen LLP (or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP);

      2. A discussion of any material changes from the unaudited financial statements filed originally; and

      3. Any other section of the registration statement or documents incorporated by reference that should be updated or revised to reflect the changes in the financial statements so filed by amendment.

    4. For purposes of paragraph (b)(3) of this note:

      1. If the issuer meets all of the conditions of Item 310(g)(2) of Regulation S-B, the date shall be the earlier of:

        1. 60 days from the date the audited financial statements were required to be included in the registration statement; and

        2. The date on which an amended Form 10-K or 10-KSB containing audited financial statements is filed in accordance with Release No. 34-45589 (March 18, 2002) (which may be viewed on the Commission's website at www.sec.gov); and

      2. If the issuer does not meet all of the conditions of Item 310(g)(2) of Regulation S-B, the date shall be the earlier of:

        1. 106 days from the date the audited financial statements were required to be included in the registration statement; and

        2. The date on which an amended Form 10-K or 10-KSB containing audited financial statements is filed in accordance with Release No. 34-45589 (March 18, 2002) (which may be viewed on the Commission's website at www.sec.gov).

  3. This temporary note will expire on December 31, 2002.

Temporary Note 2T:
  1. This temporary note applies to any issuer that provides audited financial statements with an accountant's report issued by Arthur Andersen LLP or a foreign affiliate of Arthur Andersen LLP ("Andersen") after March 14, 2002 in a filing. The exact content of each issuer's disclosure may vary depending on the facts and circumstances applicable to each of Andersen's public company audit clients.

  2. The issuers for which this temporary note applies must include as an exhibit (under Exhibit 99) to their filing a letter by the issuer addressed to the Commission that states that Andersen has represented to the issuer that the audit was subject to Andersen's quality control system for the U.S. accounting and auditing practice to provide reasonable assurance that the engagement was conducted in compliance with professional standards and that there was appropriate continuity of Andersen personnel working on audits, availability of national office consultation and availability of personnel at foreign affiliates of Andersen to conduct the relevant portions of the audit.

  3. This temporary note will expire on December 31, 2002.



  1. Annual Financial Statements. Small business issuers shall file an audited balance sheet as of the end of the most recent fiscal year, or as of a date within 135 days if the issuers existed for a period less than one fiscal year, and audited statements of income, cash flows and changes in stockholders' equity for each of the two fiscal years preceding the date of such audited balance sheet (or such shorter period as the registrant has been in business).

  2. Interim Financial Statements. Interim financial statements may be unaudited; however, prior to filing, interim financial statements included in quarterly reports on Form 10-QSB must be reviewed by an independent public accountant using professional standards and procedures for conducting such reviews, as established by generally accepted auditing standards, as may be modified or supplemented by the Commission. If, in any filing, the issuer states that interim financial statements have been reviewed by an independent public accountant, a report of the accountant on the review must be filed with the interim financial statements. Interim financial statements shall include a balance sheet as of the end of the issuer's most recent fiscal quarter and income statements and statements of cash flows for the interim period up to the date of such balance sheet and the comparable period of the preceding fiscal year.


    Instructions to Item 310(b):

    1. Where Item 310 is applicable to a Form 10-QSB and the interim period is more than one quarter, income statements must also be provided for the most recent interim quarter and the comparable quarter of the preceding fiscal year.

    2. Interim financial statements must include all adjustments which in the opinion of management are necessary in order to make the financial statements not misleading. An affirmative statement that the financial statements have been so adjusted must be included with the interim financial statements.



    1. Condensed Format. Interim financial statements may be condensed as follows:

      1. Balance sheets should include separate captions for each balance sheet component presented in the annual financial statements which represents 10% or more of total assets. Cash and retained earnings should be presented regardless of relative significance to total assets. Registrants which present a classified balance sheet in their annual financial statements should present totals for current assets and current liabilities.

      2. Income statements should include net sales or gross revenue, each cost and expense category presented in the annual financial statements which exceeds 20% of sales or gross revenues, provision for income taxes, discontinued operations, extraordinary items and cumulative effects of changes in accounting principles or practices. (Financial institutions should substitute net interest income for sales for purposes of determining items to be disclosed.) Dividends per share should be presented.

      3. Cash flow statements should include cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities as well as cash at the beginning and end of each period and the increase or decrease in such balance.

      4. Additional line items may be presented to facilitate the usefulness of the interim financial statements including their comparability with annual financial statements.


    2. Disclosure required and additional instructions as to Content.

      1. Footnotes. Footnote and other disclosures should be provided as needed for fair presentation and to ensure that the financial statements are not misleading.

      2. Material Subsequent Events and Contingencies. Disclosure must be provided of material subsequent events and material contingencies notwithstanding disclosure in the annual financial statements.

      3. Significant Equity Investees. Sales, gross profit, net income (loss) from continuing operations and net income must be disclosed for equity investees which constitute 20% or more of a registrant's consolidated assets, equity or income from continuing operations.

      4. Significant Dispositions and Purchase Business Combinations. If a significant disposition or purchase business combination has occurred during the most recent interim period and the transaction required the filing of a Form 8-K, pro forma data must be presented which reflects revenue, income from continuing operations, net income and income per share for the current interim period and the corresponding interim period of the preceding fiscal year as though the transaction occurred at the beginning of the periods.

      5. Material Accounting Changes. Disclosure must be provided of the date and reasons for any material accounting change. The registrant's independent accountant must provide a letter in the first Form 10-QSB filed subsequent to the change indicating whether or not the change is to a preferable method. Disclosure must be provided of any retroactive change to prior period financial statements, including the effect of any such change on income and income per share.

      6. Development Stage Companies. A registrant in the development stage must provide cumulative from inception financial information.


  3. Financial Statements of Businesses Acquired or to be Acquired.

    1. If a business combination accounted for as a "purchase" has occurred or is probable, or if a business combination accounted for as a "pooling of interest" is probable, financial statements of the business acquired or to be acquired shall be furnished for the periods specified in paragraph (c)(3) of this Item.

      1. The term "purchase" encompasses the purchase of an interest in a business accounted for by the equity method.

      2. Acquisitions of a group of related businesses that are probable or that have occurred subsequent to the latest fiscal year-end for which audited financial statements of the issuer have been filed shall be treated as if they are a single business combination for purposes of this section. The required financial statements of related businesses may be presented on a combined basis for any periods they are under common control or management. A group of businesses are deemed to be related if:

        1. They are under common control or management;

        2. The acquisition of one business is conditional on the acquisition of each other business; or

        3. Each acquisition is conditioned on a single common event.

      3. Annual financial statements required by this paragraph (c) shall be audited. The form and content of the financial statements shall be in accordance with paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Item.

    2. The periods for which financial statements are to be presented are determined by comparison of the most recent annual financial statements of the business acquired or to be acquired and the small business issuer's most recent annual financial statements filed at or prior to the date of acquisition to evaluate each of the following conditions:

      1. Compare the small business issuer's investments in and advances to the acquiree to the total consolidated assets of the small business issuer as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal year. For a proposed business combination to be accounted for as a pooling of interests, also compare the number of common shares exchanged or to be exchanged by the small business issuer to its total common shares outstanding at the date the combination is initiated.

      2. Compare the small business issuer's proportionate share of the total assets (after intercompany eliminations) of the acquiree to the total consolidated assets of the small business issuer as of the end of the most recently completed fiscal year.

      3. Compare the small business issuer's equity in the income from continuing operations before income taxes, extraordinary items and cumulative effect of a change in accounting principles of the acquiree to such consolidated income of the small business issuer for the most recently completed fiscal year.


      Computational note to paragraph (c)(2): For purposes of making the prescribed income test the following guidance should be applied: If income of the small business issuer and its subsidiaries consolidated for the most recent fiscal year is at least 10 percent lower than the average of the income for the last five fiscal years, such average income should be substituted for purposes of the computation. Any loss years should be omitted for purposes of computing average income.


      1. If none of the conditions specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this Item exceeds 20%, financial statements are not required. If any of the conditions exceed 20%, but none exceeds 40%, financial statements shall be furnished for the most recent fiscal year and any interim periods specified in paragraph (b) of this item. If any of the conditions exceed 40%, financial statements shall be furnished for the two most recent fiscal years and any interim periods specified in paragraph (b) of this item.

      2. The separate audited balance sheet of the acquired business is not required when the small business issuer's most recent audited balance sheet filed is for a date after the acquisition was consummated.

      3. If the aggregate impact of individually insignificant businesses acquired since the date of the most recent audited balance sheet filed for the registrant exceeds 50%, financial statements covering at least the substantial majority of the businesses acquired shall be furnished. Such financial statements shall be for the most recent fiscal year and any interim periods specified in paragraph (b) of this Item.

      4. Registration statements not subject to the provisions of Rule 419 of this chapter (Regulation C) and proxy statements need not include separate financial statements of the acquired or to be acquired business if it does not meet or exceed any of the conditions specified in paragraph (c)(2) of this Item at the 50 percent level, and either:

        1. The consummation of the acquisition has not yet occurred; or

        2. The effective date of the registration statement, or mailing date in the case of a proxy statement, is no more than 74 days after consummation of the business combination, and the financial statements have not been filed previously by the registrant.

      5. An issuer that omits from its initial registration statement financial statements of a recently consummated business combination pursuant to paragraph (c)(3)(iv) of this section shall furnish those financial statements and any pro forma information specified by paragraph (d) of this Item under cover of Form 8-K no later than 75 days after consummation of the acquisition.

    3. If the small business issuer made a significant business acquisition subsequent to the latest fiscal year end and filed a report on Form 8-K which included audited financial statements of such acquired business for the periods required by paragraph (c)(3) of this Item and the pro forma financial information required by paragraph (d) of this Item, the determination of significance may be made by using pro forma amounts for the latest fiscal year in the report on Form 8-K rather than by using the historical amounts of the registrant. The tests may not be made by "annualizing" data.

  4. Pro Forma Financial Information.

    1. Pro forma information showing the effects of the acquisition shall be furnished if financial statements of a business acquired or to be acquired are presented.

    2. Pro forma statements should be condensed, in columnar form showing pro forma adjustments and results and should include the following:

      1. If the transaction was consummated during the most recent fiscal year or subsequent interim period, pro forma statements of income reflecting the combined operations of the entities for the latest fiscal year and interim period, if any, or;

      2. If consummation of the transaction has occurred or is probable after the date of the most recent balance sheet required by paragraph (a) or (b) of this Item, a pro forma balance sheet giving effect to the combination as of the date of the most recent balance sheet. For a purchase, pro forma statements of income reflecting the combined operations of the entities for the latest fiscal year and interim period, if any, and for a pooling of interests, pro forma statements of income for all periods for which income statements of the small business issuer are required.

  5. Real Estate Operations Acquired or to be Acquired. If, during the period for which income statements are required, the small business issuer has acquired one or more properties which in the aggregate are significant, or since the date of the latest balance sheet required by paragraph (a) or (b) of this Item, has acquired or proposes to acquire one or more properties which in the aggregate are significant, the following shall be furnished with respect to such properties:

    1. Audited income statements (not including earnings per unit) for the two most recent years, which shall exclude items not comparable to the proposed future operations of the property such as mortgage interest, leasehold rental, depreciation, corporate expenses and federal and state income taxes; Provided, however, That such audited statements need be presented for only the most recent fiscal year if:

      1. the property is not acquired from a related party;

      2. material factors considered by the small business issuer in assessing the property are described with specificity in the registration statement with regard to the property, including source of revenue (including, but not limited to, competition in the rental market, comparative rents, occupancy rates) and expenses (including but not limited to, utilities, ad valorem tax rates, maintenance expenses, capital improvements anticipated); and

      3. the small business issuer indicates that, after reasonable inquiry, it is not aware of any material factors relating to the specific property other than those discussed in response to paragraph (e)(1)(ii) of this Item that would cause the reported financial information not to be necessarily indicative of future operating results.

    2. If the property will be operated by the small business issuer, a statement shall be furnished showing the estimated taxable operating results of the small business issuer based on the most recent twelve-month period including such adjustments as can be factually supported. If the property will be acquired subject to a net lease, the estimated taxable operating results shall be based on the rent to be paid for the first year of the lease. In either case, the estimated amount of cash to be made available by operations shall be shown. Disclosure must be provided of the principal assumptions which have been made in preparing the statements of estimated taxable operating results and cash to be made available by operations.

    3. If appropriate under the circumstances, a table should be provided which shows, for a limited number of years, the estimated cash distribution per unit indicating the portion reportable as taxable income and the portion representing a return of capital with an explanation of annual variations, if any. If taxable net income per unit will be greater than the cash available for distribution per unit, that fact and approximate year of occurrence shall be stated, if significant.

  6. Limited Partnerships.

    1. Small business issuers which are limited partnerships must provide the balance sheets of the general partners as described in paragraphs (f)(2) through (f)(4) of this Item.

    2. Where a general partner is a corporation, the audited balance sheet of the corporation as of the end of its most recently completed fiscal year must be filed. Receivables, other than trade receivables, from affiliates of the general partner should be deducted from shareholders' equity of the general partner. Where an affiliate has committed itself to increase or maintain the general partner's capital, the audited balance sheet of such affiliate must also be presented.

    3. Where a general partner is a partnership, there shall be filed an audited balance sheet of such partnership as of the end of its most recently completed fiscal year.

    4. Where the general partner is a natural person, there shall be filed, as supplemental information, a balance sheet of such natural person as of a recent date. Such balance sheet need not be audited. The assets and liabilities should be carried at estimated fair market value, with provisions for estimated income taxes on unrealized gains. The net worth of such general partner(s), based on such balance sheet(s), singly or in the aggregate, shall be disclosed in the registration statement.

  7. Age of Financial Statements. At the date of filing, financial statements included in filings other than filings on Form 10-KSB must be not less current than financial statements which would be required in Forms 10-KSB and 10-QSB if such reports were required to be filed. If required financial statements are as of a date 135 days or more prior to the date a registration statement becomes effective or proxy material is expected to be mailed, the financial statements shall be updated to include financial statements for an interim period ending within 135 days of the effective or expected mailing date. Interim financial statements should be prepared and presented in accordance with paragraph (b) of this Item:

    1. When the anticipated effective or mailing date falls within 45 days after the end of the fiscal year, the filing may include financial statements only as current as the end of the third fiscal quarter; Provided, however, That if the audited financial statements for the recently completed fiscal year are available or become available prior to effectiveness or mailing, they must be included in the filing;

    2. If the effective date or anticipated mailing date falls after 45 days but within 90 days of the end of the small business issuer's fiscal year, the small business issuer is not required to provide the audited financial statements for such year end provided that the following conditions are met:

      1. If the small business issuer is a reporting company, all reports due must have been filed;

      2. For the most recent fiscal year for which audited financial statements are not yet available, the small business issuer reasonably and in good faith expects to report income from continuing operations before taxes; and

      3. For at least one of the two fiscal years immediately preceding the most recent fiscal year the small business issuer reported income from continuing operations before taxes.


Regulatory History


57 FR 36455, Aug. 13, 1992; 58 FR 26514, May 4, 1993; 61 FR 54509, 54515, Oct. 18, 1996; 62 FR 6044, 6064, Feb. 10, 1997; 64 FR 53900, 53909, Oct. 5, 1999; 64 FR 73389, 73401, Dec. 30, 1999; 65 FR 51692, 51710, Aug. 24, 2000; 67 FR 13518, 13535, Mar. 22, 2002; 70 FR 20717, 20719, April 21, 2005.

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