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Securities Exchange Act of 1934





Section 23 -- Rules, Regulations, and Orders; Annual Reports


  1. Power to make rules and regulations; considerations; public disclosure

    1. The Commission, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the other agencies enumerated in section 3(a)(34) shall each have power to make such rules and regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to implement the provisions of this title for which they are responsible or for the execution of the functions vested in them by this title, and may for such purposes classify persons, securities, transactions, statements, applications, reports, and other matters within their respective jurisdictions, and prescribe greater, lesser, or different requirements for different classes thereof. No provision of this title imposing any liability shall apply to any act done or omitted in good faith in conformity with a rule, regulation, or order of the Commission, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, other agency enumerated in section 3(a)(34), or any self regulatory organization, notwithstanding that such rule, regulation, or order may thereafter be amended or rescinded or determined by judicial or other authority to be invalid for any reason.

    2. The Commission and the Secretary of the Treasury, in making rules and regulations pursuant to any provisions of this title, shall consider among other matters the impact any such rule or regulation would have on competition. The Commission and the Secretary of the Treasury shall not adopt any such rule or regulation which would impose a burden on competition not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of this title. The Commission and the Secretary of the Treasury shall include in the statement of basis and purpose incorporated in any rule or regulation adopted under this title, the reasons for the Commission's or the Secretary's determination that any burden on competition imposed by such rule or regulation is necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of this title.

    3. The Commission and the Secretary, in making rules and regulations pursuant to any provision of this title, considering any application for registration in accordance with section 19(a), or reviewing any proposed rule change of a self-regulatory organization in accordance with section 19(b), shall keep in a public file and make available for copying all written statements filed with the Commission and the Secretary and all written communications between the Commission or the Secretary and any person relating to the proposed rule, regulation, application, or proposed rule change; Provided, however, That the Commission and the Secretary shall not be required to keep in a public file or make available for copying any such statement or communication which it may withhold from the public in accordance with the provisions of section 552 of Title 5.

  2. Reports to Congress [terminated effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to § 3003 of Act Dec. 21, 1995, P.L. 104-66 (31 USCS § 1113 note)]

    1. The Commission, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the other agencies enumerated in section 3(a)(34), other than the Office of Thrift Supervision, shall each make an annual report to the Congress on its work for the preceding year, and shall include in each such report whatever information, data, and recommendations for further legislation it considers advisable with regard to matters within its respective jurisdiction under this title.

    2. The appropriate regulatory agency for a self-regulatory organization shall include in its annual report to the Congress for each fiscal year, a summary of its oversight activities under this title with respect to such self- regulatory organization, including a description of any examination conducted as part of such activities of any such organization, any material recommendation presented as part of such activities to such organization for changes in its organization or rules, and any action by such organization in response to any such recommendation.

    3. The appropriate regulatory agency for any class of municipal securities dealers shall include in its annual report to the Congress for each fiscal year a summary of its regulatory activities pursuant to this title with respect to such municipal securities dealers, including the nature of and reason for any sanction imposed pursuant to this title against any such municipal securities dealer.

    4. The Commission shall also include in its annual report to the Congress for each fiscal year--

      1. a summary of the Commission's oversight activities with respect to self- regulatory organizations for which it is not the appropriate regulatory agency, including a description of any examination of any such organization, any material recommendation presented to any such organization for changes in its organization or rules, and any action by any such organization in response to any such recommendations;

      2. a statement and analysis of the expenses and operations of each self- regulatory organization in connection with the performance of its responsibilities under this title, for which purpose data pertaining to such expenses and operations shall be made available by such organization to the Commission at its request;

      3. the steps the Commission has taken and the progress it has made toward ending the physical movement of the securities certificate in connection with the settlement of securities transactions, and its recommendations, if any, for legislation to eliminate the securities certificate;

      4. the number of requests for exemptions from provisions of this title received, the number granted, and the basis upon which any such exemption was granted;

      5. a summary of the Commission's regulatory activities with respect to municipal securities dealers for which it is not the appropriate regulatory agency, including the nature of, and reason for, any sanction imposed in proceedings against such municipal securities dealers;

      6. a statement of the time elapsed between the filing of reports pursuant to section 13(f) and the public availability of the information contained therein, the costs involved in the Commission's processing of such reports and tabulating such information, the manner in which the Commission uses such information, and the steps the Commission has taken and the progress it has made toward requiring such reports to be filed and such information to be made available to the public in machine language;

      7. information concerning (i) the effects its rules and regulations are having on the viability of small brokers and dealers; (ii) its attempts to reduce any unnecessary reporting burden on such brokers and dealers; and (iii) its efforts to help to assure the continued participation of small brokers and dealers in the United States securities markets;

      8. a statement detailing its administration of the Freedom of Information Act, section 552 of Title 5, including a copy of the report filed pursuant to subsection (d) of such section; and

      9. the steps that have been taken and the progress that has been made in promoting the timely public dissemination and availability for analytical purposes (on a fair, reasonable, and nondiscriminatory basis) of information concerning government securities transactions and quotations, and its recommendations, if any, for legislation to assure timely dissemination of (i) information on transactions in regularly traded government securities sufficient to permit the determination of the prevailing market price for such securities, and (ii) reports of the highest published bids and lowest published offers for government securities (including the size at which persons are willing to trade with respect to such bids and offers).

  3. Procedure for adjudication

    The Commission, by rule, shall prescribe the procedure applicable to every case pursuant to this title of adjudication (as defined in section 551 of Title 5) not required to be determined on the record after notice and opportunity for hearing. Such rules shall, as a minimum, provide that prompt notice shall be given of any adverse action or final disposition and that such notice and the entry of any order shall be accompanied by a statement of written reasons.

  4. Cease-and-desist procedures

    Within 1 year after October 15, 1990, the Commission shall establish regulations providing for the expeditious conduct of hearings and rendering of decisions under section 21C of this title, section 8A of the Securities Act of 1933, section 9(f) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, and section 203(k) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.


Legislative History


June 6, 1934, c. 404, Title I, § 23, 48 Stat. 901; Aug. 23, 1935, c. 614, § 203(a), 49 Stat. 704; May 27, 1936, c. 462, § 8, 49 Stat. 1379; Aug. 20, 1964, Pub.L. 88-467, § 10, 78 Stat. 580; June 4, 1975, Pub.L. 94-29, § 18, 89 Stat. 155; Oct. 28, 1986, Pub.L. 99-571, Title I, § 102(j), 100 Stat. 3220; Dec. 4, 1987, Pub.L. 100-181, Title III, §§ 324, 325, 101 Stat. 1259; Oct. 15, 1990, Pub.L. 101-429, Title II, § 204, 104 Stat. 940; Dec. 17, 1993, Pub.L. 103-202, Title I, § 107, 107 Stat. 2351; Oct. 13, 2006, Pub.L. 109-351, Title IV, § 401(a)(3), 120 Stat. 1973.

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